# Work, Profit & Loss Practice Questions & Tests

#### Question No 1

In a ship the provisions are sufficient for 800 men for 50 days. How long will these be sufficient for if there would have been 200 more men?

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Solution!
Let provisions will be sufficient for 200 men for x days.!As men and days are inversely proportional to each other so!x/50 = 800/1000!x = 40! !Hence provisions will be sufficient for 200 men for 40 days..

#### Question No 2

A group of workers can do a piece of work in 24 days. However as 7 of them were absent it took 30 days to complete the work. How many people actually worked on the job to complete it?

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Solution!
Let x workers are required to complete the job.!As workers and days are inversely proportional to each other so!(x-7)/x = 24/30!30x - 210 = 24x!6x = 210!x = 35! !Hence 35 workers are required to complete the job in time..

#### Question No 3

A can do a work in 15 days and B in 20 days.If they work on it together for 4 days,then the fraction of the work that is left is

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Solution!
A's 1 day's work = 1/15! !B's 1 day's work = 1/20! !(A + B)'s 1 day's work = (1/15 + 1/20) = 7/60! !(A + B)'s 4 day's work = (7/60 * 4) = 7/15! !Therefore, Remaining work = (1 - 7/15) = 8/15.

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Solution!
8% of 300!= (300*8)/100 = 24! !Selling price = 300-24 = 276.

#### Question No 7

Price of an article decreased from $70 to$56. What is the percentage decrease?

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Solution!
Decrease in price = 70-56 = 14! !Percentage decrease = (14/70)*100 = 20%.

#### Question No 8

A vendor bought toffees at 6 for a rupee. How many for a rupee must he sell to gain 20%?

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Solution!
C.P. of 6 toffees = Re. 1! !S.P. of 6 toffees = 120% of Re. 1 = Rs. 6/5! !For Rs. 6/5,!toffees sold = 6.! !For Re. 1, toffees sold = (6 * 5/6) = 5.

#### Question No 9

A and B can do a job together in 7 days. A is 7/4 times as efficient as B.The same job can be done by A alone in

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Solution!
(A's 1 day's work) / (B's 1 day's work) = 7/4! !Let A's and B's 1 day's work be 7x and 4x respectively.! !Then,!7x + 4x = 1/7!11x = 1/7!x = 1/77! !Hence, A's 1 day's work = (1/77 * 7) = 1/11.

#### Question No 10

A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days?

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Solution!
Ratio of times taken by A and B = 100/130 = 10/13! !Suppose B takes x days to do the work.! !Then, 10/13 = 23/x!x = (23*13)/10!x = 299/10! !A's 1 day's work = 1/23! !B's 1 day's work = 10/299! !(A + B)'s 1 day's work = (1/23 + 10/299) = 23/299 = 1/13! !Therefore, A and B together can complete the work in 13 days..

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Solution!
14% of 350!(350*14)/100 = 49! !selling price of the article = 350 - 49 = 301.

#### Question No 13

9 excavators working 10 hours a day remove 2500 cubic feet of earth in 3 days. How many excavators working 6 hours a day are required to remove 5000 cubic feet of earth in 2 days?

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Solution!
Let x excavators are required.!As excavators are inversely proportional to hours and days and directly proportional to work progress so!x/9 = (10/6)*(5000/2500)*(3/2)!x = 45! !Hence 45 excavators are required to remove 5000 cubic feet of earth..

#### Question No 15

Alfred buys an old scooter for Rs. 4700 and spends Rs. 800 on its repairs. If he sells the scooter for Rs. 5800, his gain percent is

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Solution!
Cost Price (C.P.) = (4700 + 800) = Rs. 5500! !Selling Price (S.P.) = Rs. 5800! !Gain = (S.P.) - (C.P.) = (5800 - 5500) = Rs. 300! !Gain % = (300/5500) * 100 = 60/5 %.

#### Question No 16

Ali sold a house at a loss of 15% for Rs. 382500. What was the cost price of the house?

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Solution!
Let cost price of the house is x.!15% of x = 15x/100 = 3x/20! !Now!(3x/20)+382500 = x!3x + 7650000 = 20x!7650000 = 17x!x = 450000!Hence cost price of the house is Rs. 450000.

#### Question No 17

10 women can complete a work in 7 days and 10 children take 14 days to complete the work.How many days will 5 women and 10 children take to complete the work?

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Solution!
1 woman's 1 day's work =1/70! !1 child's 1 day's work =1/140! !(5 women + 10 children)'s 1 day's work = (5/70 + 10/140) = (1/14 + 1/14) = 1/7! !Hence, 5 women and 10 children will complete the work in 7 days..

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Solution!
(C.P. of 17 balls) - (S.P. of 17 balls) = (C.P. of 5 balls)! !C.P. of 12 balls = S.P. of 17 balls = $720! !C.P. of 1 ball =$60.

#### Question No 20

A can do a piece of work in 4 hours; B and C together can do it in 3 hours,while A and C together can do it in 2 hours.How long will B alone take to do it?

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Solution!
A's 1 hour's work = 1/4! !(B + C)'s 1 hour's work = 1/3! !(A + C)'s 1 hour's work = 1/2! !(A + B + C)'s 1 hour's work = (1/4 + 1/3) = 7/12! !B's 1 hour's work = (7/12 - 1/2) = 1/12! !Hence, B alone will take 12 hours to do the work..

#### Question No 21

A shopkeeper expects a gain of 22.5% on his cost price. If in a week, his sale was of Rs. 392, what was his profit?

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Solution!
C.P. = (100/122.5) * 392!= (1000/1225) * 392!= Rs. 320! !Hence, Profit = Rs. (392 - 320) = Rs. 72..

#### Question No 22

Price of a fuel increased by 10% during budget. If its price before budget was Rs. 55 per liter what is its price after the budget?

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Solution!
10% of 55 = (55*10)/100 = 5.5! !Price of fuel after butget = 55+5.5 = 60.5.

#### Question No 23

The cost price of 20 articles is the same as the selling price of x articles. If the profit is 25%, then the value of x is

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Solution!
Let!C.P. of each article be Re. 1 C.P. of x articles = Rs. x.! !S.P. of x articles = Rs. 20.! !Profit = Rs. (20 - x)! !So, (20-x)/x * 100 = 25!2000 - 100x = 25x!125x = 2000! !Hence, x = 16.

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Solution!
10% of 120!= (120*10)/100 = 12! !Selling price = 120+12 = 132.

#### Question No 32

A works twice as fast as B.If B can complete a work in 12 days independently,The number of days in which A and B can together finish the work in

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Solution!
Ratio of rates of working of A and B = 2/1! !So, ratio of times taken = 1/2! !B's 1 day's work = 1/12! !A's 1 day's work = 1/6!(2 times of B's work)! !(A + B)'s 1 day's work = (1/6 + 1/12) = 1/4! !So, A and B together can finish the work in 4 days..

#### Question No 35

By selling a car for Rs. 495000 an agent gains 10%. What was his cost?

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Solution!
Let cost price of the car is x.!10% of x = 10x/100 = x/10! !Now!495000 - (x/10) = x!4950000 - x = 10x!4950000 = 11x!x = 450000.

#### Question No 36

Ali bought a house for $450000 and sold it for$500000. What is his profit percentage?

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Solution!
Profit = 500000-450000 = 50000! !Profit percentage= (50000/450000)*100 = 11.11%.

#### Question No 37

Sakshi can do a piece of work in 20 days. Tanya is 25% more efficient than Sakshi. The number of days taken by Tanya to do the same piece of work is

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Solution!
Ratio of times taken by Sakshi and Tanya = 125/100 = 5/4! !Suppose Tanya takes x days to do the work.! !5/4 = 20/x!x = (4*20)/5! !x = 16 days.! !Hence, Tanya takes 16 days to complete the work..

#### Question No 38

A can finish a work in 24 days, B in 9 days and C in 12 days. B and C start the work but are forced to leave after 3 days. The remaining work was done by A in

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Solution!
(B + C)'s 1 day's work = (1/9 + 1/12) = 7/36! !Work done by B and C in 3 days = (7/36 * 3)!= 7/12! !Remaining work = (1 - 7/12)!= 5/12! !Now, 1/24 work is done by A in 1 day.! !So, 5/12 work is done by A in (24 * 5/12) = 10 days..

#### Question No 39

Price of an article increased from $50 to$55. What is the percentage increase?

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Solution!
Increase in price = 55-50 = 5!Percentage increase = (5/50)*100! =10%.

#### Question No 40

4 men and 6 women can complete a work in 8 days, while 3 men and 7 women can complete it in 10 days. In how many days will 10 women complete it?

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Solution!
Let, 1 man's 1 day's work = x!and!1 woman's 1 day's work = y! !Then, 4x + 6y = 1/8 nd 3x + 7y = 1/10! !Solving the two equations, we get!x = 11/400!y = 1/400! !So, One woman's 1 day's work = 1/400! !10 women's 1 day's work = (1/400 * 10) = 1/40! !Hence, 10 women will complete the work in 40 days..

#### Question No 41

A is thrice as good as a workman as B and therefore is able to finish a job in 60 days less than B.Working together,they can do it in

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Solution!
Ratio of times taken by A and B = 1/3! !The time difference is (3 - 1) 2 days while B take 3 days and A takes 1 day.! !If difference of time is 2 days, B takes 3 days.! !If difference of time is 60 days, B takes (3/2 * 60) = 90 days! !So, A takes 30 days to do the work.! !A's 1 day's work = 1/30! !B's 1 day's work = 1/90! !(A + B)'s 1 day's work = (1/30 + 1/90) = 4/90 = 2/45! !Hence, A and B together can do the work in 45/2 = 22.5 days.

#### Question No 42

A farmer bought a cow for Rs. 14000 and sold it for Rs. 15400. Find his profit percentage.

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Solution!
Profit = 15400 - 14000 = 1400! !Profit percentage = (1400/14000)*100 = 10%.

#### Question No 43

A can finish a work in 18 days and B can do the same work in 15 days. B worked for 10 days and left the job. In how many days, A alone can finish the remaining work?

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Solution!
B's 10 day's work = (1/15 * 10) = 2/3! !Remaining work = (1 - 2/3) = 1/3! !Now, 1/18 work is done by A in 1 day.! ! Hence, 1/3 work is done by A in (18 * 1/3) = 6 days..

#### Question No 44

Some articles were bought at 6 articles for Rs. 5 and sold at 5 articles for Rs. 6. Gain percent is

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Solution!
Suppose, number of articles bought =L.C.M. of 6 and 5!= 30! !C.P. of 30 articles = (5/6) * 30 = Rs. 25! !S.P. of 30 articles = (6/5)*30! = Rs. 36! !Hence, Gain % = (11/25) * 100 = 44%.

#### Question No 46

A takes twice as much time as B or thrice as much time as C to finish a piece of work.Working together,they can finish the work in 2 days.B can do the work alone in

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Solution!
Suppose A, B and C take x, x/2, x/3 days respectively to finish the work.! !Then,!(1/x + 2/x + 3/x) = 1/2!6/x = 1/2!x=12! !So, B takes (12/2) = 6 days to finish the work..

#### Question No 48

Twenty women can do a work in sixteen days. Sixteen men can complete the same work in fifteen days. What is the ratio between the capacity of a man and a woman?

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Solution!
(20 x 16) women can complete the work in 1 day.! !So, woman's 1 day's work = 1/320! !(16 x 15) men can complete the work in 1 day.! !So, 1 man's 1 day's work = 1/240! !So, required ratio = (1/240) / (1/320)!= (1/3) / (1/4) = 4/3.

#### Question No 49

100 oranges are bought at the rate of Rs. 350 and sold at the rate of Rs. 48 per dozen.The percentage of profit or loss is

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Solution!
C.P. of 1 orange = 350/100 = Rs. 3.50! !S.P. of 1 orange = 48/12 = Rs. 4! !Hence, Gain% = (0.50)/(3.50) * 100 = 100/7 %.

#### Question No 50

John's income increased from $12000 to$14400. What is percentage increase in his income?

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Solution!
Increase in income = 14400 - 12000 = 2400! !Percentage increase = (2400/12000)*100 = 20%.

#### Question No 51

With an increase of 12% salary of Ali became Rs13440. What was his salary before increase?

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Solution!
Let before increase Ali's salary was x.!12% of x = 12x/100 = 3x/25! !Now!13440 - 3x/25 = x!336000 - 3x = 25x!336000 = 28x!x = 12000! !Hence Ali's salary before increase was Rs. 12000.

#### Question No 52

X can do a piece of work in 40 days.He works at it for 8 days and then Y finished it in 16 days.How long will they together take to complete the work?

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Solution!
Work done by X in 8 days = (1/40 * 8)!= 1/5! !Remaining work = (1 - 1/5)!4/5! !Now, 4/5 work is done by Y in 16 days.! !Whole work will be done by Y in (16 * 5/4)!= 20 days! !So,!X's 1 day's work = 1/40!Y's 1 day's work = 1/20! !(X + Y)'s 1 day's work = (1/40 + 1/20) = 3/40! !Hence, X and Y will together complete the work in 40/3 days.

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Solution!
Let cost price of the property is x.!10% of x = 10x/100 = x/10! !Now!825000 - (x/10) = x!8250000 - x = 10x!8250000 = 11x!x = 750000! !Hence cost price of the property is \$750000..

#### Question No 60

If 6 men and 8 boys can do a piece of work in 10 days while 26 men and 48 boys can do the same in 2 days, the time taken by 15 men and 20 boys in doing the same type of work will be

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Solution!
Let, 1 man's 1 day's work = x!and 1 boy's 1 day's work = y! !Then, 6x + 8y = 1/10!and 26x + 48y = 1/2! !Solving these two equations, we get!x = 1/100!and y = 1/200! !(15 men + 20 boy)'s 1 day's work = (15/100 + 20/200) = 1/4! !Hence, 15 men and 20 boys can do the work in 4 days..
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